CH 13: FOOD RESOURCES

*1. List four major types of agriculture. Compare the energy sources, environmental impacts, yields, and sustainability of traditional and industrial agriculture.

*2. Evaluate the green revolution. What were its successes? Its failures? Summarize the benefits and problems of livestock production over the history of agriculture.

*3. Define interplanting and explain its advantages. List and briefly describe four types of interplanting commonly used by traditional farmers.

*4. Summarize the state of global food production. Define malnutrition and undernutrition, and overnutrition. Indicate how many people on Earth suffer from these problems and where these problems are most likely to occur. List six steps proposed by UNICEF to deal with malnutrition and undernutrition. Describe a strategy to reduce overnutrition.

*5. Discuss the use of genetic engineering techniques to improve the human food supply. (single person)

*6. Summarize environmental impacts from agriculture.

*7. Summarize food distribution problems. Describe the possibilities of increasing world food production by increasing crop yields, cultivating more land, and using unconventional foods and perennial crops.

8. Discuss problems associated with the production of livestock on rangeland.

*9. Describe trends in the world fish catch since 1950. Assess the potential for increasing the annual fish catch and use of aquaculture. Distinguish between fish farming and fish ranching.

*10. Assess the pros and cons of agricultural subsidies and international food relief. Describe strategies that you feel would be most sustainable.

11. Define sustainable agriculture. Summarize how the United States could move toward creating a more sustainable agricultural system.

Key Terms (Terms are listed in the same font style as they appear in the text.)

agroforestry (p. 284)

alley cropping (p. 284)

aquaculture (p. 305)

commercial extinction (p. 304)

drift-net fishing (p. 301)

feedlot (p. 297)

fish-farming (p. 305)

fish-ranching (p. 305)

genetic engineering (p. 290)

genetically modified organisms (GMOs) (p. 290)

green revolution (p. 281)

industrialized agriculture (p. 278)

intercropping (p. 284)

low-input agriculture (p. 308)

malnutrition (p. 285)

net primary productivity (p. 278)

organic farming (p. 308)

overfishing (p. 304)

overgrazing (p. 298)

overnutrition (p. 287)

pasture (p. 296)

plantation agriculture (p. 278)

polyculture (p. 284)

rangeland (p. 296)

riparian zones (p. 300)

ruminants (p. 297)

sustainable agriculture (p. 308)

sustainable yield (p. 304)

traditional intensive agriculture (p. 279)

traditional subsistence agriculture (p. 279)

undergrazing (p. 298)

undernutrition (p. 285)