1. Briefly describe earth's water supply. Compare amounts of salt water and fresh water. Compare amounts of frozen fresh water and water available for human use. Define watershed and groundwater.
2. Summarize water use
3. List four causes of water scarcity. Describe the factors that play into a positive feedback loop creating water stress. Assess the significance of water resources for international relations.
4. List five ways to
increase the water supply. List
advantages and disadvantages of each strategy. Summarize a key lesson learned
from the following case studies: the Colorado River;
5. Describe the role of groundwater in supplying fresh water. Assess our current use of groundwater: is it sustainable use? Determine which principles are best illustrated by the Ogallala Aquifer experience. Distinguish between riparian rights and prior appropriation as to regulate water use.
6. State the percentage of water wasted throughout the world. Briefly describe measures that can be taken to reduce water losses through irrigation, industry, and home use.
7. Describe the history
of the development of the
8. List three ways that
humans contribute to flooding. List four
strategies humans employ to minimize the risks of flooding. Analyze the water
9. List and describe four ways humans use to control flooding. Evaluate which of these strategies is likely to have the best long-term results.
10. Describe the pieces that contribute to a picture of sustainable water use.
aquifer (p. 307)
consumptive water use (p. 308)
Desalination (p. 322)
drainage basin (p. 307)
floodplain (p. 329)
groundwater (p. 307)
natural recharge (p. 307)
nonconsumptive use (p. 309)
Ogallala aquifer (p. 307)
reliable runoff (p. 308)
surface runoff (p. 307)
surface water (p. 307)
water table (p. 307)
watershed (p. 307)
zone of aeration
zone of saturation (p. 307)