Ch 6 Vocabulary and Concepts to Know

1. Distinguish between weather and climate. Summarize how warm fronts, cold fronts, high-pressure air masses, and low-pressure air masses effect weather.

2. Describe at least five different factors which contribute to global air-circulation patterns.

3. Distinguish between a tornado and a tropical cyclone. Describe how ocean currents generally redistribute heat.

4. Describe an upwelling and how it might be affected by an El Niño–Southern Oscillation.

5. Define greenhouse effect. Name greenhouse gases. State the significance of the greenhouse effect.

6. Describe the general effects of the following microclimates: windward and leeward sides of a mountain, forests, cities.

7. Describe how climate affects the distribution of plant life on Earth. Draw connections between biomes and the following plants, which are particularly adapted for different biomes: succulent plants, broadleaf evergreen plants, broadleaf deciduous plants, coniferous evergreen plants.

8. Compare the climate and adaptations of plants and animals in deserts, grasslands, and forests. Describe the distinctive qualities of a chaparral ecosystem. Be sure to distinguish among the three major kinds of forests.

9. Compare the biodiversity and stratification in the three major kinds of forests.

10. Describe how a mountain ecosystem is like an "island of biodiversity."

altitude

arid

biome

broadleaf deciduous plants

climate

cold front

coniferous evergreen plants

coniferous trees

deciduous plants

desert

evergreen plants

forest

front

grassland

high

latitude

low

mangrove swamps

microclimates

permafrost

rain shadow effect

succulent plants

terrestrial

upwelling

warm front

weather

wetland