First Quarter Biology Exam Review
What is it that biology studies?
What is the difference between a hypothesis, a theory, and an observation?
What is it that an experiment tests?
What are the steps to the scientific method in the correct sequence?
Biochemistry/ Carbon Compounds
What are the monomers of proteins?
What do enzymes (a type of protein) do in living systems?
What common substances are carbohydrates?
What common substances are lipids?
What are the types of nucleic acids?
What are the smallest units of life that carry out all functions.
What is homeostasis?
Functions of organelles (nucleus, cell wall, cytoskeleton, ribosome, mitochondria, cell membrane, chloroplast, rough endoplasmic reticulum, smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus)
What is the main difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes?
What is the sequence that occurs when protein is made to when it is expelled (exported) from the cell?
What direction does diffusion always go?
Differentiate between diffusion, osmosis, active transport, facilitated diffusion, and phagocytosis (endocytosis).
How are photosynthesis and respiration alike, different, and opposites?
What is ATP? What is ATP's role in cells? How is energy released from ATP?
What is the equation for photosynthesis?
What organelle does photosynthesis take place in?
What source of energy powers photosynthesis?
What would happen if your removed CO2 from a plants environment?
As the intensity of light increases, how would photosynthesis rate vary (see page 213 in your text)?
What is transpiration? How would it affect photosynthesis?
What is the equation for respiration?
What organelle does respiration take place in?
What substance is broken down in cellular respiration to produce ATP energy?
What kind of organisms use respiration? Do plants use cellular respiration? When?