A new planet was discovered by faculty at Santiago High School. Miss Fitzpatrick led the research team's efforts and suggested to the other science faculty that the planet be named "Planet Santiago." Close scrutiny with both telescopes and probes sent to the planet by Mrs. Black and Mr. Campbell's physics classes painted the following details released to the press today by Dr. Lachman:
1) Planet Santiago has approximately two times the gravity that Earth has. This means a person weighing in at 100 pounds on Earth will weigh approximately 200 pounds on the new planet.
2) Water seems to be limited to deep canyons that appear to cover 35% of the the planet. No clouds have been seen above the deep canyons but clouds do seem to cover about 40% of the water surface down in the canyons with a fog.
3) Above the canyons are solid rock plateaus that appear to be lifeless on top. Life seems to be limited to within 100 feet of the water in the steep canyons.
4) Oxygen levels are about 1/4 the oxygen levels here on Earth. The rest of the atmosphere is primarily inert helium with some nitrogen. Oxygen seems to be limited to the lowest parts of the canyons because it is heavier than helium.
5) The plateaus reach daily temperatures of over 150 degrees Fahrenheit, but the canyon depths are up to 70 degrees cooler.
6) The planet rotates at a speed that gives it 53 hour days. The length of day and night varies according to the time of year it is. This planet's year is 100 days (it orbits the sun every 100 days).
7) The physics class probe rolled into a canyon and into the water where it briefly flashed pictures back to us of lush green growth around the water on the canyons' edges.
Please design (draw) an organism (biotic creature) that will be able to survive this planet's abiotic (nonliving) conditions. Include its structural (4 minimum), behavioral (2 minimum), and physiological (2 minimum) adaptations that make it successful on Planet Santiago. Adaptations should include how it breathes, how it gets its energy, how it reacts to the environment, and how it reproduces. Please include a drawing of your creature with labeled adaptations. Your writeup should include the following numbered steps:
- Name your creature with a genus species name. Example: Man's scientific name is Homo sapien. Dogs are Canis familiaris.
Description of A) 4 structural (color, skeletal, body covering, teeth, claws etc.) adaptations (8 pts), B) 2 behavioral (how it acts) adaptations (4 pts), and C) 2 physiological (blood, metabolism, oxygen exchange, respiration, cells) adaptations (4 pts) that allow it to survive this planet.
- If you have not mentioned it in the above adaptations, please describe how it A) breathes, B) gets energy, C) reacts to the environment (senses), and D) how it reproduces (8 pts). If you included these in the above adaptations please say that you did here.
- Labeled drawing (20 pts)