Bacteria and Viruses are NOT the same thing!!!!
So…how are the two different???

Bacteria are prokaryotes. What is a prokaryote? (p. 471)

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Prokaryotes, or bacteria, can be identified by three different characteristics. List the different characteristics: (p. 473)

1._________________________________________

2._________________________________________

3._________________________________________

Draw the three shapes bacteria can be found in and label each drawing:


The two types of cell walls are Gram (+) and Gram (-). What is the difference?

Gram (+): ______________________________________________________________

Gram (-): ______________________________________________________________

Prokaryotes reproduce differently from eukaryotes (multi-cellular organisms). Explain the two types of reproduction done by prokaryotes, a.k.a. bacteria. (p. 476)

Binary fission: __________________________________________________________

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Conjugation: ___________________________________________________________

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What is a virus? (p. 482) Viruses are particles of ________________________________

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Are viruses living, or non-living? ________________________

Viruses come in MANY different shapes and sizes. One shape is the bacteriophage.


Bacteriophages are viruses that infect (p. 484) ________________________________.

 

Label the components of a bacteriophage below (p. 483)

 

A bacteriophage infects a cell two different ways. In a lytic infection, a virus enters a cell, makes (p. 484) ____________ of itself, and causes the cell to ______________.

In a lysogenic cycle, a virus embeds its ______ into the ______ of the ________ cell and is ___________________ along with the host cell’s _____.

Explain the steps of the two infection processes.

Lytic infection: (p. 484)

1._____________________________________________________________________

2._____________________________________________________________________

3._____________________________________________________________________

4._____________________________________________________________________

5._____________________________________________________________________

Lysogenic infection: (p. 484)

1._____________________________________________________________________

2._____________________________________________________________________

3._____________________________________________________________________

4._____________________________________________________________________